Uniontown, a small African American community located east of Staunton, was settled predominately by African Americans immediately after the Civil War. The community included the former Federal Cemetery (known today as the National Cemetery) which was established during the federal occupation of Virginia at the conclusion of the Civil War. During the village's most populous period in the late 19th century, more than 60 families resided in Uniontown. By the end of the 20th century, it included fewer than a dozen families and approximately 12 inhabitable buildings remain. Uniontown continued as a successful self-sufficient African-American community until the mid-20th century.
The decline of Uniontown can be attributed to several factors, including desegregation in the South, the introduction of the automobile, and the annexation of Uniontown by the city of Staunton, all of which contributed to Uniontown's increasing isolation and separation from the larger community. At the time of annexation, Uniontown was rezoned for light industrial usage; new house construction was not permitted and residents were restricted in making improvements to their houses, all of which made the area less attractive to both new and long-time residents.
Uniontown included a church, a school, a cemetery, a post office, and several stores. Much of the community, which consisted of three neighborhoods, has been demolished, including a bridge that connected two sides of the community.
Geographical and Contact Information
Adjacent to and immediately north of the Richmond Avenue Corridor, including the National Cemetery